Textile fabric is a necessary material for us to make clothes. Woven fabric is a famous name in the textile industry because most dresses are completed with woven fabrics. All kinds of fabric weaving patterns are not the same, like woven fabric, knit fabric, braid fabric, and non-woven fabric. In this pattern, you won’t get stretch ability in woven fabric. They are usually smooth in quality. Making high-quality woven fabric requires a good quality of fibers.
Many buying house in Bangladesh produces these kind of weaving fabrics to make fashionable clothing. Fabric weaving patterns are important things because they ensure elasticity and strength. The basic structure of the woven fabric is plain, twill and satin. In this article, we will share an important subject about the fabric weaving patterns in the textile industry.
Basic Fabric Weaving Patterns:
1. Plain Weave
Plain weave is the simplest fabric weaving pattern known as tabby, calico, or taffeta patterns. Most clothes are plain weaving patterns based. There use the two types of yarns: warp and weft. These two kinds of yarns are interlaced together. For producing this type of fabric, the weft yarns go over, and the warp yarns stay under. These types of fabric are normally strong, durable, and versatile. Having sound wave quality, they are less pliable. It is used in electronic as well as coating industries.
2. Twill Weave
In the textile industry, twill weave is one of the common fabric weaving patterns. These types of weaving refer to a pattern that makes a pattern of diagonal lines. Here the weft yarn goes under, and several warp yarns go over. Twill fabric weaving patterns are perfect for use because it denotes high-density fabrics. It’s more pliable as well as drapes simply. These types of fabrics are of great use in the automotive sector.
3. Satin Weave
Satin fabric refers to smooth and soft clothes. We can see two types of satin fabrics: four harnesses and eight-harness. The actual pattern of this type of fabric is that weft yarn or warp yarn floats over the three or more opposed yarns. Next, the floating yarn goes under the opposed threats before repeating. The long distances between the interlocking yarns make the lustrous form in fabric. This flexible fabric is greatly used for making women’s dresses.
Complex Fabric Weaving Patterns:
1. Dobby Weave
Dobby weave is a form of two or more basic waves using a dobby connection on the loom. It is a simple weaving pattern. It is under control with a plastic tape punching hole that can control warp yarns’ lowering or raising. This type of famous fabric uses up to 32 harnesses.
2. Jacquard Weave
Jacquard Weave used to create all-over figured fabrics, for example, tapestries, damasks, and brocades. Its structure is woven a loom with a jacquard attachment to manage each warp. This fabric is expensive as it is tough to attach the Jacquard cards and create a new pattern loom on there. There use two types of weaves where various types of weaves are used for making design and background.
3. Surface Figure
This type of fabric weaving pattern isn’t seen everywhere. This fabric is used to add warp or weft yarn introduced in fabric to create designs in every interval. On the 2 motifs, additional yarn floats crossways back of fabric clipped, which implies an embroidery-based design. It has two kinds of floats, known as clipped spots, and the unclipped spot is uncut. Swivel has additional filling yarns. Here additional is interlaced with a background at different spaces to avoid pulling. This is stronger than spot weave. Lappet – contains extra warp yarns.
4. Gauze or Leno Weave
Leno or gauze weaves are suitable for applications requiring lower aerial weights where you have to maintain a certain thickness. To get this type of fabric weaving pattern, yarns are locked in a place where by crossing more warp threads over each other. And they are interlacing with one or more yarns. This type of fabric is used in construction applications.
5. Double Cloth and Double Weave
Double weave or double clothes are completed to three, four, or five sets of yarn. 2 types of fabric are woven together in a loom where one is above and the other and laced connect with an additional set of weft yarns or warp. It is called binder yarn that is formed of 5 sets of yarns. We get pile fabrics in this way. They are commonly used for drapery and heavy apparel.
6. Pique Weave
Pique weave is a fabric that works from lightweight to heavyweight cotton yarn. It is formed of lengthwise cords, or wale on the front part of the fabric that is placed by the crosswise weft floats on the back side of the fabric. On the front part, you can see the additional warp yarns. They aren’t interwoven. On the contrary, it lay under the cords to emphasize the quilt effect. For example, huck toweling, honeycomb, anger, etc.
These are all the fundamental fabric weaving patterns. These are the regular patterns for making clothes. Hope this content gives a lot of information about fabric weaving patterns.