Before you bring your baby home, you will likely decide whether to use cloth diapers or disposable diapers. No matter what diaper you choose, your baby will need to change diapers at least 10 times per day and up to 70 times per week.
Make sure to have everything you need before you diaper your baby. You’ll need:
a clean diaper
Fasteners are required if you use cloth prefold diapers
Use diaper wipes or warm water with a washcloth or cotton ball.
Lay your baby on its back, and then remove the dirty diaper. To gently clean your baby’s genital areas, use water, cotton balls and washcloth, or wipes. If you are removing a boy’s diaper, be careful as he may urinate if he is exposed to the air. To avoid a urinary tract infections (UTI), wipe a girl’s bottom from the front. Apply ointment to prevent or treat a rash. After changing a diaper, always wash your hands thoroughly.
Diaper rash is common. The rash will usually be red and bumpy. It can be treated with warm water, diaper cream and some time off the diaper. Most rashes are caused by sensitive skin.
These tips can help prevent or treat diaper rash.
Your baby should be changed every other day, as well as as as soon after each bowel movement.
After gently cleaning the area with water and mild soap (wipes can sometimes be irritating), apply a thick layer of diaperrash or “barrier cream” to the affected area. Because they act as a barrier against moisture, creams with zinc oxide work well.
Use cloth diapers. Wash them with dye- and fragrance-free detergents.
Essentials for Bathing
Your baby should be given a sponge bath up to:
The umbilical cord is removed and the navel heals fully (1-2 weeks).
The circumcision takes 1-2 weeks to heal.
In the first year, a bath once or twice a week is acceptable. It may dry out the skin if you take a bath more often.
These items should be available before you bathe your baby.
A soft, clean washcloth
Baby soap and shampoo that is mildly unscented
Use a soft brush to stimulate baby’s scalp
Towels or blankets
a clean diaper
Sponge baths. A sponge bath can be made in a warm area with a flat, safe surface such as a table, floor or counter. If you have a sink nearby, fill it with warm, but not hot, water. water. Wrap your baby in a towel and undress him/her. Use a dampened cotton ball or a washcloth to clean your baby’s eyes. Start with one eye, then move on to the other. To wash the other eye, use a corner of the washcloth to clean it. The damp washcloth can be used to clean your baby’s ears and nose. Next, wet the cloth and then wash your baby’s face with a little soap.
Use baby shampoo to create a lather. Next, gently wash the baby’s head with soap and water. Rinse. Use a damp cloth and soap to gently wash the rest. Pay special attention under the arms, behind your ears, around the neck and in the genital region. After you have cleaned those areas, dry them and then diaper and dress the baby.
Add to the above supplies:
An infant tub that has 2 to 3 inches of warm water, but not hot. Water (To test the water temperature, touch the water with your wrist or elbow to feel it. An infant tub is a tub made of plastic that fits in the bathtub. It’s smaller and easier for babies to use, making bathing more enjoyable.
To prevent colds, undress your baby, then immediately place him/her in the warm water. The water should not be more than 2 to 3-inches deep. One hand should support the baby’s head, while the other should guide him/her in the right direction. Slowly lower your baby into the tub, speaking gently.
To wash your baby’s hair, use a washcloth. Use your fingers or a baby hairbrush to gently massage the scalp of your baby. To ensure that soap and shampoo don’t get in your eyes, rub your forehead with your fingers. Use water and a little soap to wash the rest of the baby’s body.
To keep your baby warm, make sure you regularly pour warm water over his or her body. Wrap your baby immediately after the bath in a towel, making sure to cover their head. Baby towels with hoods can be used to keep a baby warm after he or she has been washed.
Never leave your baby alone while bathing. Wrap the baby in a towel, and take it with you to the bathroom if necessary.
Circumcision and Care of the Umbilical Cord
To prevent the wound from sticking in the diaper, wrap the penis tip with petroleum jelly-coated gauze immediately after circumcision. After changing diapers, gently wipe the tip with warm water. Then apply petroleum jelly to it so that it doesn’t stick. The reddening or irritation of the penis should disappear within a few days. However, if your baby is experiencing persistent reddening or swelling, or if you notice pus-filled blisters, it’s important to call the doctor right away.
It is important to care for newborns’ umbilical cords. Some doctors recommend wiping the cord with rubbing alcohol until it dries out and falls off. Others suggest leaving the area alone. Talk to your child’s doctor to find out what treatment he or she prefers.
The navel of an infant should not be immersed in water until the cord stump is gone and the area has healed. The cord stump’s color will change from yellow to brown or even black as it falls off. This is normal. If the navel is reddish or there is a foul-smelling or discharge, consult your doctor immediately.
You can feed and burp your baby.
You may not know if you should breastfeed your baby or give it a bottle. It is recommended that babies are fed whenever they feel hungry. Your baby might signal you to feed him or her by crying, making sucking sounds, or putting his or her fingers in their mouths.
Feeding a newborn baby every 2 to 3 hours is important. Breastfeeding should allow your baby to have a chance to breastfeed for about 10-15 minutes each time. Formula-feeding babies will typically consume between 2-3 ounces and 60-90 milliliters at each feeding.
To ensure that they eat enough, some newborns need to be woken up every few hours. If your baby is not interested in eating, or if you have to wake them up frequently, consult your doctor.
Formula-feeding can make it easy to monitor your baby’s food intake. Breastfeeding can be more difficult. Your baby is likely eating enough if he or she seems happy, is satisfied, has a steady appetite, is producing six to seven wet diapers per day, and bowel movements are regular.
You can also check if your baby’s breasts feel fuller before or after you feed it. If you have questions about your child’s growth and feeding habits, talk to your doctor.
Babies can become fussy if they swallow air during their feedings. Burp your baby frequently to prevent this. If you bottle-feed, you should burp your baby every 2-3 ounces (60-6090 milliliters), and every time you change breasts if breastfeed.
If your baby is fussy or gassy or has gastroesophageal regurgitation, you can try to burp your baby after each ounce of bottle-feeding, or every 5 minutes while breastfeeding.
These are some great tips for burping:
Your baby should be held straight up with its head on your shoulder. Your baby’s head should be supported and the back should be rubbed gently with your other hand.
Place your baby on your lap. You can support your baby’s head and chest with one hand. The other hand should be used to support your baby’s neck and chest. Gently pat your baby’s head with the other hand.
Place your baby on your lap. Place your baby on your lap, supporting it so that it is higher than the chest. Gently pat or rub her back.
If your baby stops burping after a while, you can change his or her position so that he or she continues to burp. To avoid spitting up, burp your baby after every meal.
Basics of Sleep
The average sleep time for newborns is between 2 and 4 hours. Expect your baby to stay awake all night. Babies are so tiny that their digestive system is not capable of processing food for more than 4 hours.
What age can you expect your baby will sleep through the night without awakening? Most babies can sleep through the night (6-8 hours) by 3 months.
However, if your baby doesn’t, it is not cause for concern. Babies, like adults, must create their own sleep patterns and cycles. Safe sleeping habits include not using blankets or quilts, sheepskins and stuffed animals in the crib/basinet as these can cause suffocation.
Parents should also share a bedroom (but no bed) for the first six months to one year. To prevent a flat spot from developing on one side of the baby’s head, it is important to change the position of his or her head night after night.
Although you might feel nervous about parenting a newborn, you will soon be able to establish a routine and become a professional in just a few weeks. Ask your doctor for help if you have any questions.
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